In 2011, FSNT received over 30 cases of female students being sexually harassed nationwide with particular reference to NUST(Bulawayo province),Masvingo(Great Zimbabwe University, Mashava Campus),Belvedere Teachers College, Catholic University, Africa University Mutare Poly and Midlands State University which recorded 25 cases between 2012 and 2013.
In 2015 ,FSNT successfully carried out a National Baseline Survey on Sexual Harassment. Only 4 TEI’s out of the 21 sampled isntitution had Sexual Harassment Policies in place with only 1 had a draft. The major perpetrators were found to be male lectures and male non academic staff. Currently FSNT has intensified efforts to advocate for the formulation and effective implementation of Sexual Harassment Policies. FSNT managed to acquire reinstatement of a female student who was suspended at the National University of Science And Technology after she lost three academic years because she was a victim of sexual harassment. The lecturer got fired as a result of FSNT Advocacy.
What is sexual harassment?
Sexual harassment is unwelcome and uninvited sexual advances, request for sexual favours, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. (def from UN http://www.un.org/womenwatch/osagi/pdf/whatissh.pdf)
Sexual harassment may include but is not limited to:
• Unwelcome commentary about an individual’s body shape, clothing or sexual activity
• Unwelcome jokes, gestures, offensive words or teasing of a sexual nature or based upon gender/sex stereotypes
• Unwanted touching and any other bodily contact such as scratching or patting, grapping around the waist, or interfering with a person’s ability to move
• Staring in a sexually suggestive or offensive manner, or whistling
• Unwanted pressure for sexual favours
• Unwanted pressure for dates
• Unwelcome Hugging, kissing, patting or massaging Unwelcome Behavior is the critical word.
In 2015 between June and August, FSNT carried out a national baseline survey on sexual harassment of female students in the tertiary education institutions of Zimbabwe. The major objective of the survey was to understand the prevalence, nature and landscape of sexual harassment of female students in various institutional geographical location so as to come up with strategic interventions for redress. The survey revealed that out of the 21 sampled institutions, only 4 had sexual harassment policy in place which clearly shows that there are no mechanisms and support system for female students in the sector when it comes to sexual abuse.
The network carried out edutainment shows at Bindura University of Science Education and at Great Zimbabwe University to generate knowledge on Sexual Harassment. The objectives of these campaigns were to disseminate information on the forms and nature of Sexual Harassment, the reporting channels and be wise in the decisions they make knowing that they have rights that also come with responsibilities. During these shows the FSNT staff presented and encouraged female students to speak out if they are harassed and not be afraid to report the perpetrators. The brand ambassador for the #smartgirls campaign Shinsoman carried out performances during these edutainment shows spreading the message of Sexual harassment urging the female students to fight such an ill. The result of the edutainment shows was increased awareness on what constitutes sexual harassment and the proper reporting channels
COMMEMORATIONS OF THE 16 DAYS OF ACTIVISM AGAINST GENDER BASED VIOLENCE
FSNT joins the rest of the world every year in the commemoration of the 16 Days of Activism against Gender Based Violence and observes the Zimbabwean Government 365 Days of Activism against Gender Based Violence.
As a way of launching the 16 Days of Activism against Gender Based violence, in 2016 the network in collaboration with the African Women Development Fund(AWDF) held a march in Harare. The campaign was launched under the theme #stopcyberharassment. This was after a realization by the network that cyber harassment has become the trend of Harassment that female students and young women are facing. .
The Network has
been enhancing sexual harassment campaigns with the aim of increasing awareness
levels making use of online campaigns on platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. Discussions
held aim at ensuring that female students are aware of the various manifestations of sexual harassment and the reporting channels in instances
of abuse. FSNT also uses the
mainstream media such as the radio and TV news in a bid to reach out to a broader audience. During the radio shows, audiences
call in giving their views and seeking clarity on some issues regarding sexual
harassment and abuse. This becomes a platform to ensure solidarity with the
general public, as the Network realises that female
students do not live in a vacuum but co-exist with members of the community.
After the Media campaigns, FSNT has been observing an increase in the number of students seeking
assistance from the Network with regards to such cases.
The Network has been carrying out debates and dialogues in various provinces on the manifestation and effects of sexual violence in line with women’s rights violations. College authorities and administrators, as well as policy makers are usually present during the debates with the aim of ensuring that the students lobby and advocate for the protection of female students in tertiary education institutions through the formulation and effective implementation of sexual harassment policies. In instances where the students debate, the policy makers and ministry representatives act as adjudicators and ensure that the judging process is not flawed and that students who present factual and convincing arguments are awarded accordingly. The debates also help bring the institutional authorities to book as the students interrogate the system and lobby and advocate for change within the institution in the form of policies and procedures that see perpetrators being brought to book.
EDUCATIONAL WELLNESS PROGRAMS.
SAY YES! YOUTH EMPOWERMENT ON SRHR,
FSNT is carrying out educational wellness programs on sexual and reproductive health. This is a platform to allow female students to air out their views and discuss about their sexual reproductive health in a free and fun environment. The program came into being after the realization that female students had no quality and comprehensive access to information on sexual and reproductive health hence the need to share best practices and raise awareness on these rights. The Educational-wellness program targets female students, the top officials at national and institutional level as well as the top student leadership within TEI’s.
In 2013 and 2014, FSNT managed to second two female students Thando Gwinji from (Solusi University) and Tadiwa Chantel Chokwenda(from Catholic University) for a Student leader’s Civic engagement scholarship at Nebraska University in the United States of America granted by the US Embassy.Thando Gwinji came back and managed to form her own organisation called the Genesis of Innovations Trust based in Bulawayo, targeting rural young women on Information Communication Technology. Tadiwa Chantelle Chokwenda from Catholic university also did so well during her study in America by linking FSNT to other like-minded platforms in the states.
During other endevours, Chiedza Chiwetu a single mother and bread winner in her family graduated with a Bsc Honours Degree in Psychology.Ms Ciwetu testified that she managed to finish her degree despite the many obstacles she faced at the University of Zimbabwe (UZ).She stated that “Being a single mother and a student was not easy but through the support from her family and the strength from Almighty God it was possible. She states that “FSNT has also supported me all the way throughout my Degree they have moulded me into the woman that I am today who knows her value and her vision as a woman. “I also got a lot of exposure when I went to Namibia in 2013 representing students in Zimbabwe under a regional advocacy platform organised by Crisis Coalition of Zimbabwe”.
Another FSN member, Daylite Marufu a former student at Belvedere Technical Teachers’ College says she owes her success to God. Daylite also attributed her success to the teachings she got form FSNT.“I would like to thank FSN for their moral support. The Network taught me to value myself as a woman and not let taken advantage of by men. I took this advice seriously and I will forever be grateful for it,” she added.
FSNT is governed by a board of trustees who are the custodians of the Network. Its mandate is to play an oversight role and helping in the formulation, review and implementation of the Network policies.
The following thematic areas define FSNT’s work
Nb: In chronology there are:
- Women’s participation in leadershipof student bodies
- Women’s and Human Rights
- Policy Advocacy
- Media Advocacy
- Psycho-social Support
Organisational Success Stories
Currently, FSNT has 8,640 paid up members and over 20 000 registered members who are directly involved with the Network and participate in its activities in various tertiary institutions in Zimbabwe. FSNT managed to get support letters from Government ministries such as Ministry of Women’s Affairs, Gender and Community Development, Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education Science and Technology Development. These stakeholders and Zimbabwe Republic Police Victim Friendly Unit attend our programmes and activities and have a buy in on our vision and seek to be the conduits of influence on policy review during the cabinet meetings for further deliberations and seek redress.
Breaking barriers of Partriachy
In 2012, at Mutare teachers college, FSNT made history in the activism journey when female students stood up and broke the barriers patriarchal societal ills by dominating the student representative council at their college. Despite facing challenges of being looked down upon by other female students, these young ladies have braved enough and took the most influential positions in the student representative council. Virginia Chipumo became the new SRC president, while Monica Nemutambwe and Charity Muchichwa occupied the position of secretary general and finance officer respectively. The Entertainment Officer’s post was taken by Sarah Tionesei and the Food Representative was Grace Kunaka while the Sports Officer post belonged to Jesman Mukwera. Only one male student took up the gender secretary post which has been long prescribed to female students. It should be noted that these girls have overcame socialisation and cultural gender norms which stereotype women that they can not be leaders.These achievements attributed from the leadership development trainings they got from FSNT where members graduate in TEIs with merit certificates in various disciplines
The Network has also managed to reach out to most marginalised insitutions such as Gwanda where it has effectively and efficiently worked with female students at Joshua Mquabuko Nkomo Poly Technical College (Matebeleland South province). One vigilant young lady Jolly Jane (2nd year female student of the time) bragged that the Network has helped her more with leadership skills since she was in her 1st year. Jolly, who is a survivor of breast cancer has given herself the name “Iron lady” because despite being a single mother and a cancer survivor Jolly has managed to occupy the leadership position of secretary at her institution- against all odds. The knowledge and skills acquired, she is gladly passing it on to other fellow female students as well as at her rural primary school where she is doing her teaching practice.
What is it?
Our Policy advocacy programs lobby government ministries to ensure that institutional policies of Tertiary Education Institutions (TEIs) are more gender sensitive. FSNT engages parliamentarians , line ministries, ministers ,college authorities and relevant stakeholders through varied interfaces. Dialogue is employed to discuss and review policies through presentation of pertinent matters before different parliamentary portfolios.These authorities are invited to actively participate in the Network’s programs at grassroots level so that they have a vivid understanding of the realities on the ground. It is also a conducive platform that FSNT has managed to create for female students to interact with these authorities and air out their concerns.In 2015 ,the Network carried out a National Baseline Survey on Sexual Harassment in TEIs in Zimbabwe’s 10 provinces.Key findings showed that of the sampled TEIs only 4 had Sexual Harassment Policies and one a draft.Male lectures were found to be the major perpetrators.Current efforts are directed at advocacy for the formulation and effective implementation of Sexual Harassment Policies within TEI’s.
➢ To advocate for gender sensitive policies and practices of Student Representative Councils (SRCs) and other student bodies in tertiary Education institutions
Successes to date
In 2017, FSNT managed to design a Sexual Harassment (SH) Policy Guideline adopted by the Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development which is being used by institutions to come up with SH policies.Follow link to read more.
The Network has managed to generate information through research regarding the prevalence of Sexual Harassment and Gender Based Violence in TEI’s which provides a rationale for advocacy initiatives .
FSNT was invited by the Minister of Gender and Community Development , Honourable Nyasha Chikwinya to discuss furthering the Networks ‘advocacy work with regards to the Revised National Gender Policy.
Female students can not be divorced from all women globally.They are drawn from the greater majority and have human as well as women rights that need to be upheld. FSNT empowers female students about theirs rights as well as the responsibilities that come with these rights.Great importance is placed on the recognition of International , Regional and National Statutory Instruments that uphold women’s rights within higher institutions of learning. The Network castigates any violation of female students rights as well as all women in the world.In this regard the Network has been instrumental in generating knowledge of female students rights through marches , community engagements and public lectures.
FSNT is currently advancing Sexual Reproductive Health Rights of female students in TEI’s specifically targeting Sexual Violence.
➢ To increase the level of women’s and human rights awareness amongst female students in tertiary education institutions,
Outcomes to date
FSNT was awarded the 2016 UNESCO Inaugral Award for advancing Girls nad Women’s education.
The Network has support letters from the Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development as well as the Ministry of Women Affairs Gender and Community Development.
A strong and vibrant grassroots movement of over 20 000 female students who act as foot soldiers holding duty bearers accountable for their rights.
The Network co-chairs the Prevention Cluster under the Ministry of Women Affairs Gender and Community Development National Gender Based Violence Coordination Forum
- Women’s participation in leadership of student bodies
We believe in Leadership that brings women empowerment. FSNT aims at producing female students who are leaders in their own right that recreate history and remain authentic to themselves.A holistic approach is employed using the SmartGirls Model aimed at harnessing the capacity of any female student within tertiary learning environments by empowering them in all aspects to become SMART.
The concept not only speaks to intellectual capacity but, relevance in post academic disengagement and sustainable self-sustenance of female students. An approach that questions the status quo and challenges gender stereotypes embedded within society to become gender sensitive and more responsive to the needs of female students.FSNT also avails support for campaign materials and manifesto development.
➢ To facilitate increased participation of female students in decision making positions of Student Representative Councils (SRC) and other student bodies
Outcomes to date
Due to leadership Development trainings :
In 2017, history was broken at Harare Polytechnic College when the first ever female president, Melisa Tandi was voted into power since 1919 when the institution was established.
In 2017. Belvedere Technical Teachers College recorded a female President, Patience in the SRC.
In 2015, Midlands State University recorded a female President, Adele in the SRC.
In 2012, Mutare Teachers College recorded an all female Student Representative Council (SRC).
In 2012 , Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo Polytechnic College recorded a female student president in the SRC.
We recorded an insurgence in the reporting of cases on Sexual Violence as well as other Socio-Economic Problems at our offices. As a pro-active and reactive organization we were quick to notice this as a programming gap that we could redress even without the requisite resources. The human rights perspective and our Smart Girls Model mirrored our perceptions regarding this matter, we could not just sit back whilst female students where suffering. We used to offer psycho-social service through referral systems but, the female students kept coming back citing that most of the organizations we referred them to were not student oriented and grouped them along with other women as a homogeneous group. A concern that resulted in us actioning an idea we had always envisioned of setting up a one stop center which is a safety net for female students across Zimbabwe.It is against this background that a psycho-social department was established in 2016.
Female students are and still suffer very much from Gender Based Violence including Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence as evidenced by the report we receive daily at our offices. The psycho-social department is overwhelmed in terms of limited operational space and resources which calls for a continuous strategic partnership.FSNT is committed to this work and will continue to ensure that the mandate we have of creating safe and conducive learning environments is met.
➢ To facilitate female students’ access to psycho-social, sexual healthy issues, legal aid and other relevant support service
Successes to date
FSNT has successfully handled 30 cases with 4 getting legal recourse.
The Network picked up a female student who was suicidal , seven months pregnant dejected and desperate at Mbare Musika. We managed to give her support until she gave birth, reunited her with her family , and facilitated for her broken relationship with her boyfriend who was denying responsibility to be functional.To date she seem to be doing well and has since gone back to college to pursue her education.